JP – Janata Party. The state emblem symbolises two elephants guarding the Imperial Shanku, or conch, in its imperial crest. Governors discharge all constitutional functions, such as the appointment of the chief minister, sending reports to the president about failure of constitutional machinery in a state, or with respect to issues relating to the assent to a bill passed by legislature, exercise or their own opinion.. The pre-poll political alliances of Kerala have stabilized strongly in such a manner that, with rare exceptions, most of the coalition partners stick their loyalty to the respective alliances (Left Democratic Front or United Democratic Front). Kerala is an Indian state, where federal legislative power is vested in the unicameral Kerala Legislative Assembly. The political alliance has strongly stabilised and, with rare exceptions, most of the coalition partners maintain loyalty to the alliance. A Listing of The Various State Political Parties In Kerala, Their Symbols And Websites . Both have accused the other of corruption, promoting or condoning political violence, and "the general breakdown of law and order" during their periods in government.. The government is led by the chief minister (currently Pinarayi Vijayan, 25 May 2016), who selects all the other ministers. As a result of this, power has alternated between these two fronts since 1979. The chief minister and the council of ministers also have been appointed by the governor. Generally, the winning party and its chief minister chooses the ministers list and submit the list for the Governor's approval. The current assembly consists of 140 elected members and one member nominated by the governor from the Anglo-Indian community. Results for the Kerala Legislative Assembly (from 1957) have been: Snapshots - India's final voting day BBC News, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Politics_of_Kerala&oldid=990904392, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 04:50. Elections are generally held for Parliament, State assembly and regional panchayats. Currently it is the LDF ( Left Democratic Front) headed by Mr.Pinarai Vijayan (CM) governing the State of Kerala. The multilateral system has, since 1956, been dominated by the several pre-poll and post-poll alliances. According to the 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, the LDF has a majority in the state assembly (92/140). Shanku was considered one of the common emblems of a majority of the Kerala feudal kingdoms. The social thought and behavior of the people of Kerala in general has a strong inclination towards left or centre-left politics and thus the communist parties (the Communist Party of India or the Communist Party of India Marxist) have made strong inroads in Kerala.  Kerala was the first Indian state where the communists (Communist Party of India) were voted to power.  The largest Communist party is the CPIM and the second largest is the CPI. Kerala was the first Indian state where the communists (Communist Party of India) were voted to power. The Council of Ministers, which answers to the Legislative Assembly, has its members appointed by the Governor; the appointments receive input from the Chief Minister. Apart from these sections, dealing with the subjects allotted to them, there are other offices sections, assigned with specific duties. KEC(B) – Kerala Congress (B) KEC(J) – Kerala Congress (Jacob) LJNSP – Lok Jan Shakti Party. The Chief secretary superintending control over the whole secretariat and staff attached to the ministers. The governor is appointed by the President for a term of five years. It has the nation's largest politically aware population, which actively participates in state politics. The conduct of a meeting in the house is the responsibility of the speaker. With the accession of Malabar into Travancore-Cochin, the state of Kerala was formed in 1957. The party has strong bases in Ernakulam and Kottayam regions of central Kerala. Image Credits: Wikipedia The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker who is also elected by the members. Generally, the winning party decides the chief minister. During this time, the royal coat of arms of the Travancore kingdom was modified by placing the "Lion Capital of Ashoka" on top of the imperial conch. The party has strong bases in Malappuram District in central Kerala. These two coalitions have alternated in power since 1982. The present Chief Minister is Pinarayi Vijayan, who took office on 25 May 2016. The leadership pointed out that the party has recently criticised such moves by the central government and asked the state leadership to review the decision. It has the nation's largest politically aware population, which actively participates in state politics.  The state fish is the pearlspot or karimeen (കരിമീന്). The Travancore Royal Family uses the erstwhile Royal Coat of Arms of Travancore today, whereas Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple of Trivandrum uses only the imperial conch crest as its coat of arms. They are collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the State. The Bharatiya Janata Party (the Party that currently leads the Government of India) is also active in Kerala, but is not part of either coalition. The Kingdom of Cochin and Zamorin's Malabar also had conch as state emblems. INGP – Indian National Green Party. The governor summons prorogues and dissolves the legislature. The Malabar region, particularly Kannur and Palakkad, are considered the heartland of the Communist parties. Under the Indian constitution, executive authority lies with the governor, although this authority is exercised only by, or on the advice of, the chief minister and the cabinet. He can close the legislative assembly on the recommendation of the chief minister. Indian National Congress leads the United Democratic Front pre-poll alliance in Kerala. In terms of individual parties, the state has strong leanings towards socialism and thus Communist parties have made strong inroads in Kerala. Kerala has a unique position in India as one of the most politicised states. JPSS – Janadhipathiya Samrekshna Samiti. RSPK(B) – Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik) Elections are also held to choose representatives to the civic bodies at various levels within Kerala. It led the Kerala government in 1981 - 82 (Karunakaran), 1982 - 87 (Karunakaran), 1991 - 96 (Karunakaran and A. K. Antony), 2001 - 06 (Antony and Oommen Chandy) and 2011 - 16 (Chandy).  Each department consists of secretary to the government, who is the official head of the department and such other under secretaries, junior secretaries, officers, and staffs subordinate to him/her. Legislative Assembly has a membership of 141, where 140 are elected and one is nominated from the Anglo-Indian community.
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