The Abbey in the Oakwood (German: Abtei im Eichwald) is an oil painting by Caspar David Friedrich.  In the painting Friedrich draws a parallel between those actions and the use of Greifswald churches as barracks by occupying French soldiers. The abbey refers back to the medieval tradition, but that's now fallen away. Eldena Abbey may well have had personal meaning for Friedrich, as it was destroyed during the Thirty Years War by invading Swedish troops, who later used bricks from the abbey to construct fortifications. N.p., n.d. "Important Whistler and Old Master Prints at Swann Galleries' Three-Part Print Auction." After the exhibition both pictures were bought by king Frederick Wilhelm III for his collection. Book: Boime, Albert . Artdaily.org - The First Art Newspaper on the Net. He also used the same studies for other paintings, too, taking elements of the trees into other pieces. It was painted between 1809 and 1810 in Dresden and was first shown together with the painting The Monk by the Sea in the Prussian Academy of Arts exhibition of 1810. There's a sense of coldness around the area. Just as was discussed previously, the Romantic era was a time of unique artistic expression, when artists focused on the aesthetics and emotion of paintings, as well as self-expression, rather than explaining every detail of nature and the human form scientifically (Romanticism). Web. The Abbey in the Oakwood (German: Abtei im Eichwald) is an oil painting by Caspar David Friedrich. Whilst we are all aware of various constructions that have fallen into disrepair over the last few decades, in most cases it has been due to a simple case of neglect. It was created between 1809 and 1810. He would have made the initial drawings outside in the vicinity of the building, and then completed the oil painting within his own studio. "Antony Gormley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." 2011. https://picasaweb.google.com/103323483398373552022/VastAndMysteriousArt#slideshow/5607540961732133938, http://idontknowwhatishouldtypeformyurl.blogspot.com/. 10 May 2011. . This lower third of the picture lies in darkness—only the highest part of the ruins and the tips of the leafless oaks are lit by the setting sun. The same trees, in slightly altered forms, can also be seen in other works. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Although Friedrich's paintings are landscapes, he designed and painted them in his studio, using freely drawn plein air sketches, from which he chose the most evocative elements to integrate into an expressive composition. 304, "Whittington on Caspar David Friedrich's Medieval Burials", Two Men Contemplating the Moon; Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Abbey_in_the_Oakwood&oldid=990215180, Wikipedia articles with Bildindex identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Abbey in the Oakwood depicts a gloomy and abandoned graveyard surrounding an abandoned abbey in the midst of a dark forest. The waxing crescent moon appears in the sky. Friedrich uses shadow to depict a mysterious scene, as one sees dark figures walking in procession towards the ruins of a church. Older than that are the oak trees, which might have represented for Friedrich the Druidic traditions, the pre-Christian traditions. The Abbey in the Oakwood is based upon studies of the ruins of Eldena Abbey, which reappear in several other paintings. This lower third of the picture lies in darkness—only the highest part of the ruins and the tips of the leafless oaks are lit by the setting sun.
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