Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. He is able to defend his people; he has shown his great power in overthrowing the mighty forces that were gathered together against the city where he dwells. The psalmist “begins” with a statement that God is worthy to be praised, Psalm 48:1; he then, in the same verse, refers to the abode of God, the city where he dwelt, as a holy mountain; he describes the beauty of that city Psalm 48:2; and he then adverts to the fact that God is “known in her palaces,” or that he dwells in that city as its protector. There were on this subject ancient records, the truth of which the present event confirmed Psalm 48:8, and the psalmist says Psalm 48:9 that those records were now called to remembrance, and Psalm 48:10 that the effect would be that the name of God would be made known to the ends of the earth. " This is profoundly true. But ultimately the psalmist has his praises set on the Lord. RSV honors that viewpoint by rendering the last phrase here, "Mount Zion, in the far north, the city of the great King." The “kings,” therefore Psalm 48:8, may be supposed to have approached it from that quarter; and thus approaching it, they would have a clear and impressive view of its beauty, and of the sources of its strength - of the walls, towers, and bulwarks which defended it, and of the magnificence of the buildings on Mount Zion. The psalmist sees in these events a confirmation of what had been before affirmed of Jerusalem, that it would stand forever, or that God would be its protector, Psalm 48:8-10. These sons of Korah were Levites, from the family of Kohath. II. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "In the city of our God ... in his holy mountain", "In mount Zion on the sides of the north", "With the east wind thou breakest the ships of Tarshish", "Thy right hand is full of righteousness", "Number the towers ... mark her bulwarks", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. IV. "Walk about Zion, and go round about her; That ye may tell it to the generation following. Its towers, its bulwarks, its palaces, were all such as to show its strength; the certainty of its permanence was such that one generation should proclaim it to another. The natural and usual approach to the city was from the north, or the northwest. There is also a vast difference. There never was a campaign in which a great navy was available to aid the cause of Israel's adversary. If the dominant opinions regarding the occasion are correct, then the date of the Psalm would be shortly after 701 B.C. As applied to the church now, or at any time, it means that we are to take such views of its being a true church of God; of its being fixed on firm foundations; of its being so able to resist all the assaults of Satan, and of its being so directly under the divine protection, that it has nothing to fear. Let our hope of the stability of the church be encouraged. Perhaps, however, the more obvious interpretation is the correct one, as meaning that the women of Judah had special occasion to rejoice on account of their deliverance from so great danger, and from the horrors which usually attended the siege or the conquest of the city - the atrocities which commonly befall the female sex when a city is captured in war. Leupold further divided the psalm thus: I. Zion's glory is the indwelling of the Lord (Psalms 48:1-3). The kings of the earth were afraid of it. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-48.html. It is believed by many to be the Hippicus of Josephus, and to this idea it owes its chief importance, for the historian makes that the point of departure in laying down the line of the ancient walls of Jerusalem. The mad frenzy of the Ephesian mob, shouting for hours at a time, "Great is Diana of the Ephesians," was the insane cry of the pagan world; but here the greatness of Jehovah is proclaimed, along with the proof that God is indeed truly `great. We must, of necessity, find overtones of that ultimate fulfilment in the text of this psalm. The elevation of ancient Jerusalem was literal, as the city was actually built on a mountain; but the "elevation" of God's Church (the New Jerusalem, or the New Israel) is ethical and spiritual. They even began to have apprehensions about their own safety. Let our minds be filled with good thoughts of God. Israel's rejection of Messiah resulted in the most terrible destruction the city ever experienced; and yet in the sense of its eternal continuity as "The New Jerusalem," the promise was absolutely and unconditionally fulfilled. Leupold rendered this disputed phrase, "in spite of death," declaring that this meaning, "deserves to be retained. " This, of course, also supports the LXX rendition. According to Gesenius (Lexicon), it means to “divide up;” that is, to walk through and survey them; or, to consider them accurately, or in detail, one by one. They saw it - That is, they looked on it; they contemplated it; they were struck with its beauty and strength, and fled. Furthermore, it is extremely unlikely that the terminology here is influenced by mythological traditions of pagan peoples surrounding Israel. Mount Zion was the most conspicuous object in the city, the residence of the king, and for a long time, until the temple was built, the place where the ark reposed, and where the worship of God was celebrated, and hence, the term came to be used to denote the whole city. ", Our own conviction with regard to this is that, "If the RSV is indeed correct, then Rhodes' comment is appropriate. He will so guide us, as to set us above the reach of death, so that it shall not do us any real hurt. This is in all probability merely a figurative expression emphasizing God's power. The distress arising from disappointed hopes, and perhaps from the apprehension of their own safety. Cities, surrounded by walls, had always “towers” or elevated portions as posts of observation, or as places from which missiles might be discharged with advantage on those who should attempt to scale the walls. If God, by His own hand, will conduct me through this world, and lead me safely through the dark valley - that valley which lies at the end of every traveler‘s path - I have nothing to fear beyond. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". 847.). First, it was not an unconditional promise, as far as the literal Jerusalem was concerned. Thou breakest the ships of Tarshish - On the ships of Tarshish, see the notes on Isaiah 2:16. Compare Jeremiah 4:31; Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 13:21; Jeremiah 22:23; Jeremiah 30:6; Jeremiah 49:24; Micah 4:9-10; Isaiah 53:11. Psalm 48 is a praise psalm. It is not necessary, therefore, to suppose that there was any actual occurrence of this kind particularly in the eye of the psalmist; but it is an interesting fact that such a disaster did befall the navy of Jehoshaphat himself, 1 Kings 22:48: “Jehoshaphat made “ships of Tarshish” to go to Ophir for gold; but they went not: “for the ships were broken” at Ezion-geber.” Compare 2 Chronicles 20:36-37. His power in the one case is strikingly illustrated by the other. "Commentary on Psalms 48:4". An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 46, 47 and 48. www.easyenglish.bible. Thy right hand is full of righteousness - The right hand is the instrument by which we accomplish anything. Rising high above the deep valley of Gihon and Hinnom on the west and south, and the scarcely less deep one of the Cheesemongers on the east, it could only be assailed from the northwest; and then “on the sides of the north” it was magnificently beautiful, and fortified by walls, towers, and bulwarks, the wonder and terror of the nations: “For the kings were assembled; they passed by together. Addis declared that the text here, "does not even hint at such a rendition. Some scholars maintain that "the sides of the north" are here a reference to the location of the Temple mountain in relation to the rest of the city; but that is disputed. "The Word of God went forth from Jerusalem," as the prophets declared; and, in the sense of the old Israel's providing the nucleus and the original membership of the Messianic Kingdom of God, - in this sense, Jerusalem is indeed "the joy of the whole earth." The “occasion” on which the psalm was composed cannot be ascertained. And hasted away - They fled in confusion. God‘s interposition had been such as to furnish proof that he would be their God forever and ever, and that even unto death he would be the guide of those that trusted Him. Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth. Before leaving this verse, we should remember that Jesus himself referred to Jerusalem as, "The city of the Great King" (Matthew 5:35). Ash stated that, "Many manuscripts support the emendation that gives us `forever' in the RSV. ", The fulfilment of this in its fullest sense is found only in the joy of Christians worshipping all over the world continually for nearly two thousand years. This he will do in behalf of those who put their trust in him, (e) by shedding light upon our path when in perplexity and doubt; and.
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