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[172] While recognizing his military achievements, the traditional sources present a mixed assessment of Khalid due to his early confrontation with Muhammad at Uhud, his reputation for brutal or disproportionate actions against Arab tribesmen during the Ridda wars and his military fame which disturbed the pious early converts to Islam. Im Februar 630 wurde Chālid von Mohammed mit einem Trupp von 350 Mann zu den Banū Dschadhīma gesandt, um sich ihrer Loyalität zu versichern. [4], Noch bevor die beiden Kampfverbände von Chālid und Tulaiha bei Buzācha im Nadschd aufeinandertrafen, wechselten die Taiyiʾ nach Verhandlungen auf die Seite von Chālid über. [42] The modern historian Wilferd Madelung discounts Sayf's version, asserting that Umar and other Muslims would not have protested Khalid's execution of Malik if the latter had left Islam,[43] while Watt considers accounts about the Tamim during the Ridda in general to be "obscure ... partly because the enemies of Khālid b. al-Walīd have twisted the stories to blacken him". Als sich eine größere Konfrontation der in Syrien operierenden Truppen mit der byzantinischen Armee ankündigte, forderte Abū Bakr den noch im Irak weilenden Chālid auf, sich eilends zu ihrer Verstärkung nach Syrien zu begeben. [125][133][134] Khalid enveloped the opposing heavy cavalry on either side, but intentionally left an opening from which the Byzantines could only escape northward, far from their infantry. Khalid’s tombstone depicts a list of over 50 victorious battles that he commanded without defeat (not including small battles). He also ordered Khalid to destroy an idol that was worshipped by the Bani Kalb tribe. [13] Khalid was at the head of the cavalry and Muhammad avoided confronting him by taking an unconventional and difficult alternate route, ultimately reaching Hudaybiyya at the edge of Mecca. Wadd (Arabic: ود‎) meaning the God of Love and Friendship, also known as Almaqah, ʻAmm and Sīn, was the Minaean moon god. As a result of decisive victories against the Byzantines at Ajnadayn (634), Fahl (634), Damascus (634–635) and Yarmouk (636), the Muslims under Khalid conquered much of Syria. [1] About twenty-five of Khalid's paternal cousins, including Abu Jahl, and numerous other kinsmen were slain in that engagement. [157] The campaigns against Homs and Qinnasrin resulted in the conquest of northwestern Syria and prompted Heraclius to abandon his headquarters at Edessa for Samosata in Anatolia and ultimately to the imperial capital of Constantinople. [33] The Muslim war efforts, in which Khalid played a vital part, secured Medina's dominance over the strong tribes of Arabia, which sought to diminish Islamic authority in the peninsula, and restored the nascent Muslim state's prestige. [5] Nach dem Sieg von Buzācha verteilte Chālid die erbeuteten Waffen unter seinen Kämpfern, gliederte seine Armee in verschiedene Abteilungen und schickte diese in unterschiedliche Richtungen. Khalid slew all resistance, Ibn Kalbi also mentions that among those slaughtered were Qatan ibn-Shurayb, whose mother wept at his death and fell over to his body and started sobbing until she died. Snakes were held sacred to the believers of Wadd. [54] The enclosure was stormed by the Muslims, Musaylima was slain and most of the Hanifites were killed or wounded. [111] Afterward, Khalid and the commanders of the earlier Muslim armies, except for Amr, assembled at Bosra southeast of Damascus. [1] Al-Walid is identified by the historians Ibn Hisham (d. 833), Ibn Habib (d. 859) and Ibn Durayd (d. 837) as the "derider" of the Islamic prophet Muhammad mentioned in the Meccan suras (chapters) of the Qur'an.

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