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The hooded merganser is a sexually dimorphic species. Both sexes usually show a spot of color in the wing known as a "speculum". ► The females of the species have a gray-brown neck and head with a reddish-brown crest. The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. "https://secure." Range Map from eBird Sightings of the Hooded Merganser throughout the year (1900-present) Christmas Bird Count Map var sc_security="340ce72a"; Hooded Mergansers are fairly common on small ponds and rivers, where they dive for fish, crayfish, and other food, seizing it in their thin, serrated bills. From inside the nest, the little fluffballs scramble up to the entrance hole and then flutter to the ground, which may be 50 feet or more below them. crow-sized. File:Lophodytes cucullatus -Vogelpark Walsrode -female-8a.jpg, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Hooded Merganser Fact Sheet, Lincoln Park Zoo", http://www.birdweb.org/birdweb/bird/hooded_merganser, http://bna.birds.cornell.edu.prox.lib.ncsu.edu/bna/species/098, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Lophodytes_cucullatus/, http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Hooded_Merganser/id, http://seaduckjv.org/infoseries/home_sppfactsheet.pdf, Massachusetts Breeding Bird Atlas - Hooded Merganser, Hooded Merganser videos, photos, and sounds, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Hooded_merganser&oldid=173504, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. “Hooded” is something of an understatement for this extravagantly crested little duck. Once they leave the nest, the young are capable of diving and foraging, but remain with the female for warmth and protection.[6]. It is the only extant species in the genus Lophodytes. Forest Birds + Common Pauraque. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA. Hooded Mergansers are usually in pairs or small groups of up to 40 birds. ► This is a species of diving ducks, which means that they submerge themselves in the water to feed. Hooded Mergansers are found year round throughout New England with the exception of northern Maine, where they are found mainly during the breeding season. Swans, geese, and ducks are large birds with long necks (longest in swans, shortest in ducks) and short tails. An extravagantly crested duck with black and white patterns that are set off by chestnut flanks and a fun, fluffy-shaped crest, the Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a beautiful duck that often goes undetected due to this secretive species' preference for wooded ponds, swamps, streams, and lakes. Greater Flamingo. The species rates a 9 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score. Brown Kiwi. Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl(Order: Anseriformes, Family:Anatidae). According to records, the oldest Hooded Merganser was 14 years 6 months old. Hooded Mergansers breed in forested wetlands throughout the eastern half of North America and the Pacific Northwest, and may also nest in treeless wetlands where people have put up nest boxes. They winter in these habitats as well as on shallow freshwater and brackish bays, estuaries, and tidal creeks, where they often concentrate along the edge of ice. "); Females will actively seek out cavities in dead trees or artificial nest boxes such as those provided for nesting wood ducks. Like most waterfowl, hooded merganser hatchlings are precocial and usually leave the nest within 24 hours after they hatch; this is about long enough to accommodate synchronous hatching. This species is classified as Least Concern by the IUCN, and is readily available in captivity. The adult female has a greyish-brown body, with a narrow white patch over the lower breast and belly. 2009. ► The Hooded Mergansers are found in the forested areas of eastern North America, with a majority of the population concentrated around the Great Lakes. ► The Hooded Mergansers are a small duck species, measuring approximately 16 to 19 inches in length during adulthood. Calls from a large flock of feeding birds. Hooded mergansers can chase fish underwater for up to two minutes. They are generally quiet but in order to communicate with each other will emit low grunting or croaking sounds. Flightless Birds + Ostrich. Christmas Bird Count Map The males raise their crests, expanding the white patch, often while shaking their heads. Hooded Merganser are not on the 2016 State of North America's Birds Watch List. According to records, the oldest Hooded Merganser was 14 years 6 months old. The Hooded Merganser is the smallest of the three species of mergansers found in North America. Find out more about nest boxes on our Attract Birds pages. They are extremely agile swimmers and divers but awkward on land because their legs are set far back on the body. These elegant little ducks are found in many parts of the U.S. in Canada throughout the year. Members of this well known bird family include the graceful, long-necked swans, familiar geese of farm fields and golf courses, and the many species of ducks. Preferred habitats include small forest pools, millponds, swamps, and beaver ponds. They can be in live or dead tress, and are usually close to a water body. The oldest recorded Hooded Merganser was a male and at least 14 years, 6 months old when he was shot in Mississippi in 2009. On the bird family tree, Hooded Mergansers (genus. One priority consideration when managing wooded habitat for cavity nesting ducks, is to maintain a sufficient population of mature trees in which suitable nesting cavities would be plentiful. Females get their own distinctive elegance from their cinnamon crest. (1900-present), Erectile, fan-like crest extends from back of head, Large white patch in the center of the crest, Black and white stripes at forward portion of reddish flank, Inner half of upperwings whitish, bordered by 2 dark bars, Alternate plumage worn from fall through early summer, Male in basic eclipse plumage similar to adult female, Cold gray-brown head, neck, flanks, back, and upperwings with paler breast. and includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. White, nearly spherical, and unusually thick shelled. A. and A. S. Love. They have a nictating membrane (a transparent eyelid) that protects their eyes and enables them to see better while diving underwater. Their legs are far back on their bodies, which helps in diving but makes them awkward on land. The hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) is a species of small duck. [9], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Sightings of the Hooded Merganser throughout the year On the shore, grazers such as geese and the American Widgeon forage on grass. The IUCN 3.1 has categorized them under the ‘LC’ (Least Concern) species list. They are most common in forests around the Great Lakes. Feeds on fish and aquatic insects. Migratory Birds + Swainson's Hawk. var sc_invisible=0; var sc_https=1; In flight, the wings are thin and the tail is relatively long and rounded. The impressive feature of the breeding males, however, is their large white crest surrounded by black. They can also be found along the Gulf coast, and to the west of the edge of the Great Plains. This means that the males and the females of the species differ in appearance. Even before the twentieth century, humans cleared and altered many forests where Hooded Mergansers nest, in the process reducing or displacing breeding birds from regions of their original range. Hooded Mergansers are found year round throughout New England with the exception of northern Maine, where they are found mainly during the breeding season. Hooded Mergansers nest readily in boxes, preferring those with wood shavings or nest material from previous uses. document.write("