Remember, if the spear has begun opening and developing foliage, it will be too tough to eat. Usually, you can control them with hand picking. The damaged stalk grows normally on the side away from the wound, causing the spear to bend. Bent spears are caused by insects feeding or damage from cutting adjacent stalks. Mulch to prevent weeds. Planting asparagus is like preparing for a trip. The key to growing asparagus is to have healthy, vigorous plants that produce a lot of spears. Asparagus takes a few seasons to mature but will reap a harvest for 15 to 30 years, so choose a planting location that will go undisturbed for a long time. Before planting your crops in spring, you should first mulch during winter. In spring, dig 6- to 8-inch deep rows and plant asparagus 12 to 18 inches apart. It's a great resource that will lead you through the entire process. Once your rows are level with the soil line, lay down a layer of mulch to retain soil moisture and prevent weeds. Then all you need to do is be patient. How much your family enjoys asparagus determines how many plants you will need. The bulletin includes 25 color photos of insects, diseases, and planting techniques to aid the grower. Copyrights © 2020 Noursefarms. Because the soil is so rich, invaders can take hold quickly. Asparagus performs best at a pH of 7.2 or higher. Keeping the bed weed-free is important to avoid competition with your asparagus plants. Packed with information to help you review varieties and be successful. Many growers have found no-till as a cultural practice, for weed control very beneficial as it can eliminate potential damage to the crown through cultivation. For spring planting, prepare your garden bed in the fall by improving the soil with compost or other rich organic matter, then cover the bed with mulch for the winter. The old rule of thumb is to harvest until the diameter of the spear decreases to the size of a pencil. Direct seeding into a permanent location is discouraged because of the difficulty of establishing a stand. A second option is splitting the application between early spring and directly after last harvest. For more on that, check out our How to Plant a Fall Garden article.). 611 0 obj <>stream A Nourse Farms Gift Certificate gets them on their way to their own fruitful adventure... We include our very own Planting Guide with every order. Now taking orders for 2021 Shipping Season!! In spring, dig 6- to 8-inch deep rows and plant asparagus 12 to 18 inches apart. In addition to feeding your plants, this organic fertilizer feeds the beneficial microbes in the soil that help those plants take up more nutrition. Go ahead and pick all the spears each time you harvest. If you want to put some aside to enjoy in the months to come, blanch them in boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes, douse in cold water, wrap, and freeze. In autumn, prepare the soil by mixing in several inches of organic matter (think compost or aged leaves) or compost-enriched Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® All Purpose In-Ground Soil with the native soil in each row. Once plants have emerged and you have full stand, use cultivation sweeps to fill in the furrow. Note that furrow must be level after settling so slight mounding may be necessary depending on soil type. Our recommendations are based on experience working with growers identifying best practices for commercial asparagus production. It is best to prepare the site well before planting. One cup of asparagus contains 3 grams of protein. A comprehensive 68-page regional bulletin that covers the planting, growing, harvesting, and marketing of asparagus, including a budget with costs and expected income per acre, for the serious commercial asparagus grower. hÞb```b``Vg`e`Ì Ì Â,@QLÛRô%8~6¸/`6XzKù+Ãþ¦s »wÎÜµê$T« Ï9Ùw(iÜ´tã«p1ól>¤¸©¨GNwò©)O%ly. You’ll be rewarded in the long run! All Rights Reserved. Locally produced asparagus is available in the northern United States from late April – June. One cup of asparagus contains 3 grams of protein. So much to grow, so little time. This will provide all the nutrition your new asparagus plants need to start growing. %PDF-1.5 %âãÏÓ endstream endobj startxref Contact your local Cooperative Extension office for chemical weed and pest control recommendations. (See more on that below.) Wait until your second or third season to harvest. per person in 2016. Mulch for the winter, or grow a cool-season cover crop that can be turned under before planting in spring. Images on this website may not be used without written consent from Nourse Farms. Some growers perform one application in early spring after mowing ferns. Fertilization rates should be based on needs outlined in periodic soil tests. Growers have two application options. If your plants are young, the fresh asparagus season may last a couple of weeks. (Asparagus can also be planted in the fall. In the third year, you can harvest for the full season, typically 6–8 weeks. 0 Black and red asparagus beetles can be a challenge, damaging the foliage and weakening the roots. Before you buy the plants, you need a prepared bed. Written by an asparagus expert with over 30 years of applied research experience in the northeast, southeast and Midwest, enabling asparagus growers to become successful. In spring, after danger of frost has passed, dig a depression 6 to 8 inches deep running the length of the row, mounding the improved soil on each side for later use. For lighter, well-drained soil, a furrow depth of 8" is recommended; 6-8" on heavier silt loam or clay soils. In general, irrigation is not necessary for asparagus production unless you are in dry conditions. When inspiration grows all around you, you can’t help but create masterpieces. 523 0 obj <> endobj The duration of your harvest will depend on the vigor of your plants. Enjoy dabbling in the diversity of deliciousness you’ll find in our Foodie Fresh collection. %%EOF It's a great resource for our customers, and it will lead you thrrough the entire planting process. To avoid this happening, plan to harvest at least every other day. We also suggest consulting the Cornell Integrated Crop and Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Vegetable Production (which can be purchased at store.cornell.edu) and your local Cooperative Extension office for a selection of recommended herbicides for your state. Fennel is a beautiful herb to have in the garden. Soon the bed will be level. The idea is to wait at least 2 seasons and probably 3 before harvesting. Any fertilizer applied within the furrow should be incorporated into soil prior to planting. 550 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8AB52A5ADFFBC541B9D297206EC90CFB><6FE6AB3B849F8245AFD7358A2259C6D4>]/Index[523 89]/Info 522 0 R/Length 129/Prev 506105/Root 524 0 R/Size 612/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® Edibles Plant Nutrition Granules. Also, the knife can spread any disease from one plant to the next. The most important part of growing asparagus is to realize that it will take a couple of seasons before you taste the first bite of homegrown asparagus. Our recommendations are based on experience working with growers identifying best practices for commercial asparagus production. After mowing, this also can be time for fertilizer and herbicide application. Test soil to ensure correct pH and balanced soil fertility. However, established plants can produce much longer, as much as 8 weeks. Cut back the 4 to 6-foot tall foliage, or the ferns as they are called, after frost has turned them brown. Feathery and fern-like, it adds…, The free gardening app you've been waiting for. Careful preparation makes the journey easier. Choose a sunny, well-drained site on the edge of your garden where it will not be disturbed by the activity of planting and re-planting other areas. Commercial asparagus plantations can be established either by traditional crown planting or by transplanting seedlings. That’s why spears from the grocery store or from the refrigerator should always be trimmed to remove any tough tissue before cooking. Mow old ferns with a rotary mower in early spring, as this can aid with weed control. For weed control, we suggest applying pre-emergent material prior to spear emergence and burn off any post emergent weeds directly before harvest. You can pick mature asparagus once they reach 8 inches tall. Planting more than just asparagus? When you see a Bonnie Harvest Select plant, you should know that it has success grown right into it-helping you get a head-turning harvest and mouth-dazzling taste. These fibers form as a result of the injury of cutting. A good start is 10 plants for each person. Some growers till in fertilizer prior to creating furrows. When you do buy plants, make sure they’re Bonnie Plants® asparagus. As plants grow taller, rake a little of the soil on the edge of the row into the depression where plants are growing. Stemphylium and powdery mildew are 2 fungal diseases that infect ferns, affecting production in the next year. Asparagus is a low calorie nutritious vegetable; high in iron, fiber, and vitamins C and A.