> >> /T1_2 31 0 R /T1_1 29 0 R To see how the SEQUENCE OF MOODS operates in Greek, let us look in more detail at PURPOSE CLAUSES and FEAR CLAUSES. /Parent 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Rotate 0 /XObject << For many subordinate clauses, such as PURPOSE CLAUSES or FEAR CLAUSES, the TENSE or MOOD of the main verb determines the MOOD–subjunctive or optative–of the verb in the subordinate clause. /Type /Page 6 0 obj /T1_4 48 0 R << /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Contents [62 0 R 63 0 R 64 0 R] /GS1 23 0 R /T1_0 27 0 R /T1_0 27 0 R 1877 377 In 1 Peter 2:23-24, anenegken is an aorist, the three preceding verbs imperfects, these referring to what Christ was during His life, that to what He did once for all on the cross.. IP address: 88.208.193.166, on 27 Nov 2020 at 04:10:25, subject to the Cambridge Core terms of use, available at https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms. endobj 18 Responses to “Mood vs. Tense” Julie on January 18, 2014 10:24 am. /TT0 36 0 R Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the dis- tinctions of mood and tense. 1. /Resources << /Metadata 2 0 R >> /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] Verbs, all tenses and moods, tomatoes Verbs, all tenses and moods, olive oil. Since the imperative mood exists in Greek only in the present- and aorist-tense verb forms, there were only two tenses for Paul and Silas to choose from to command the jailer to believe. Another common subordinate clause in Greek is the FEAR CLAUSE (S 2221-2232). endobj Verbs, all tenses and moods, weather report Verbs, all tenses and moods, deadly Himalayan avalanche /ExtGState << 12 0 obj >> Verbs, all tenses and moods, Sporades. stream If, however, the fear clause expresses a concern that something may or may not happen (FUTURE), the clause follows the same SEQUENCE OF MOODS as purposes clauses. @��1ʄ��uD��jh�� /T1_2 29 0 R >> endstream /C2_1 26 0 R As always, the tenses of SUBJUNCTIVE and OPTATIVE denote ASPECT, not time. 2 0 obj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Outlines 3 0 R /Type /Page << Translate the sentence. /Length 881 >> ἐπέμπψαμεν δῶρα ἵνα λύοιτε τοὺς ἀδελφούς. >> << Now let’s consider how these moods are used in SUBORDINATE clauses. /Font << >> /Kids [8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R] /F10 38 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Fm0 57 0 R /F9 38 0 R They are doing these things so that the city may be free. << Downloaded from https://www.cambridge.org/core. >> /GS0 22 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Trapped /False /GS0 22 0 R H�|TM��0��+r�+�&�MZ$��m�J+�����`�cG�S��1��S{fޛ7��h��Y>�&i�E�z�D��N���6���Z�[E*4��#���i�"�W� �[�t3�9�F��|�_F�\~�~�D�fϵ�/駙�,^^��9������?�8��� �I1t���gۓAT;.Ľ�;�'�݋ޱ}{��2�9��R��Dm�k�k� ������e'�3Ze��>0d�U���m�3c^�{���N\��=P��OҬ�I��yT�� ��G�O�nim���;�C��i���$��L �4N��S�C1����녯�-4 ��������� 4�]�-PEC# /TT1 65 0 R ����W8v�o}��4y��gݠ��+)w�䉭v�jj!��o��$-�(C'�-��. /Count 4 The Greek verb is used in four moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive, optative) and two ‘non-finite’ (as some people like to think of them) moods (participle and infinitive). In English we have really more accuracy as to this than the Greek. /C2_0 24 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Font << (c) 2020 Oaktree Software, Version 9 Levels upgrades to Essential Collection, Site License Pack for up to 20 devices: English Study, Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2014), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (August 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (January 2016), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (June 2016), Bible Study Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD, Essential Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] H�|TMo�6���#UX4I����ݴ��n�U�CT2�8l,ҡ���R�c�PX������̼yM֟�1�M������K~K~h�G+x�ph��8�O�X�9�BR�e ��u�WЎ �u�����&����� stream >> /T1_7 34 0 R For each of the following fear and purpose clauses, give the tense and mood of both the main verb and the verb in the subordinate clause. >> /T1_5 32 0 R << /GS1 23 0 R Notes on Greek Tenses, Moods, and Prepositions. /Type /Page /Thumb 41 0 R 1 0 obj 3 0 obj << /ViewerPreferences << /Type /Catalog /Annots [59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R] /T1_1 28 0 R /T1_2 31 0 R /Nums [0 7 0 R] %PDF-1.4 A��5^��T�8:;�f^0�H���`���qw��y����J�7J[��#��|�~�V8��Q�w��4�i�=gVevX���t�`���z��6�d�]��'�"ue^g����Ht�I����pT1�Ƣ���q\�twof�L�9ov&4������#n0qx�ЀHi�Y$�`�i,�ɛy�r{��4�"❡��q�Ͱ���4���g�Շ�i�-޽�{c�'���a���iH.�w>�AL���k�#mz�EZ(,R�4/ << /PageLabels 4 0 R /Font << /Count 0 For example: A purpose clause in Greek is introduced by the following conjunctions: The mood of the verb in the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE or OPTATIVE, as determined by the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] But the imperfect is not simply a continuous doing. /T1_3 32 0 R /TT1 36 0 R endobj /S /D /TT0 35 0 R to contribute to the interpretation of the New Testament by the exposition of the functions of the verb in New Testament Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the distinctions of mood and tense.”, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek• Author: Ernest De Witt Burton• Text of 1898 version (Third Edition) published by The University of Chicago Press, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek (Burton) is included with the following packages, [email protected] | /Parent 5 0 R /Type /Metadata Ae^�쑴����~� >��i2j�6�ѽz6v�����!‹�dґ������f��_*�����CBT�Yɡݐ��rd��&�L?gA0��s3~���ma���p�g�ݩ�^�`�ٛ�q���=̈9k?N�e�Sv�?�Ht�Ж 11 0 obj /Type /Outlines /CreationDate (D:20161112094227+05'30') /GS1 23 0 R /Type /Page https://doi.org/10.1017/S205863101600026X /Type /Pages >> /Thumb 50 0 R /Direction /L2R /F15 38 0 R endobj << A PURPOSE CLAUSE indicates the purpose for which the action of the verb in the main clause was done (S 2193-2206). /GS0 22 0 R Thanks for the detailed explanations. >> If, for example, the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a PRIMARY tense (e.g., present, future, perfect) or a MOOD that refers to a possible future action (i.e., imperative, subjunctive, optative): If the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a SECONDARY tense (e.g., imperfect, aorist, pluperfect): This pattern–subjunctive following primary main verbs, optative following secondary main verbs–is called the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. 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/MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] So far we have discussed the uses of the subjunctive and optative in MAIN CLAUSES. << VERB TENSE, VOICE and MOOD (TVM) The easiest way to do this on the web is to use the Interlinear Bible on Biblehub.com. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] 14 0 obj /Thumb 66 0 R 7 0 obj /T1_0 27 0 R << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] 8 0 obj /C2_0 24 0 R The clause acts essentially as the direct object of a verb of fearing. /ExtGState << %���� Where to Find. stream The mood of the verb in the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE or OPTATIVE, as determined by the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. endobj >> endobj /T1_4 48 0 R x�+� � | /Producer (Adobe PDF Library 11.0) /Fm0 39 0 R Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek • Author: Ernest De Witt Burton • Text of 1898 version (Third Edition) published by The University of Chicago Press. /XObject << endobj >> /C2_0 24 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] endobj /GS1 23 0 R >> << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Contents [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R] >> /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] endobj endobj /T1_1 29 0 R /Length 667 subjunctive mood these tenses indicate something other than time, viz. /Contents [45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R] As always, the tenses of SUBJUNCTIVE and OPTATIVE denote ASPECT, not time. << (I take a finite verb to be one that has a definite tense… /F9 38 0 R 9 0 obj /Resources << >> >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] >> ὅπως τὴν Ἰλιάδα τοῦ Ὁμήρου ἀναγιγνώσκωμεν, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, the verb of the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE, the verb of the purpose clause is OPTATIVE (or SUBJUNCTIVE to express vividness), expresses the fear that something may happen, expresses the fear that something may not happen. /TT2 37 0 R /Font << /T1_5 33 0 R /T1_3 30 0 R Verbs, All tenses, car falls into the sea Verbs, All tenses, old lady robbed Verbs, All tenses, burglars hit local church. 10 0 obj Not for further distribution unless allowed by the License or with the express written permission of Cambridge University Press. >> /Annots [42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R] /C2_1 26 0 R Downloaded from https://www.cambridge.org/core. Ancient Greek for Everyone by Wilfred E. Major and Michael Laughy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /T1_4 33 0 R >> For example: A fear clause in Greek is introduced by the following conjunctions: If the fear clause expresses a concern that something is happening (PRESENT) or has happened (PAST), the verb in the subordinate clause is INDICATIVE. /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /GS0 22 0 R /Contents [12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R] << /TT0 36 0 R eA���54�^�:y��A�FRQ�P��M8����� �NDʃH_Ѹe�ƪd-)k����DT��|CM�ȝ/b��[v��yF������C�3��ȋPC׬P�� f��f:h5�"�w /C2_1 25 0 R endobj /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /ExtGState << /Fm1 40 0 R /Fm0 49 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Parent 5 0 R /C2_0 24 0 R /T1_3 32 0 R /Creator (Adobe InDesign CC \(Windows\)) According to the author, his intent was “to assist English-speaking students in the task of translating the Greek New Testament into English forms of thought and expression …. /Annots [51 0 R 52 0 R 53 0 R] /T1_5 33 0 R >> >> /T1_2 31 0 R /T1_1 29 0 R To see how the SEQUENCE OF MOODS operates in Greek, let us look in more detail at PURPOSE CLAUSES and FEAR CLAUSES. /Parent 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Rotate 0 /XObject << For many subordinate clauses, such as PURPOSE CLAUSES or FEAR CLAUSES, the TENSE or MOOD of the main verb determines the MOOD–subjunctive or optative–of the verb in the subordinate clause. /Type /Page 6 0 obj /T1_4 48 0 R << /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Contents [62 0 R 63 0 R 64 0 R] /GS1 23 0 R /T1_0 27 0 R /T1_0 27 0 R 1877 377 In 1 Peter 2:23-24, anenegken is an aorist, the three preceding verbs imperfects, these referring to what Christ was during His life, that to what He did once for all on the cross.. IP address: 88.208.193.166, on 27 Nov 2020 at 04:10:25, subject to the Cambridge Core terms of use, available at https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms. endobj 18 Responses to “Mood vs. Tense” Julie on January 18, 2014 10:24 am. /TT0 36 0 R Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the dis- tinctions of mood and tense. 1. /Resources << /Metadata 2 0 R >> /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] Verbs, all tenses and moods, tomatoes Verbs, all tenses and moods, olive oil. Since the imperative mood exists in Greek only in the present- and aorist-tense verb forms, there were only two tenses for Paul and Silas to choose from to command the jailer to believe. Another common subordinate clause in Greek is the FEAR CLAUSE (S 2221-2232). endobj Verbs, all tenses and moods, weather report Verbs, all tenses and moods, deadly Himalayan avalanche /ExtGState << 12 0 obj >> Verbs, all tenses and moods, Sporades. stream If, however, the fear clause expresses a concern that something may or may not happen (FUTURE), the clause follows the same SEQUENCE OF MOODS as purposes clauses. @��1ʄ��uD��jh�� /T1_2 29 0 R >> endstream /C2_1 26 0 R As always, the tenses of SUBJUNCTIVE and OPTATIVE denote ASPECT, not time. 2 0 obj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Outlines 3 0 R /Type /Page << Translate the sentence. /Length 881 >> ἐπέμπψαμεν δῶρα ἵνα λύοιτε τοὺς ἀδελφούς. >> << Now let’s consider how these moods are used in SUBORDINATE clauses. /Font << >> /Kids [8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R] /F10 38 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Fm0 57 0 R /F9 38 0 R They are doing these things so that the city may be free. << Downloaded from https://www.cambridge.org/core. >> /GS0 22 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Trapped /False /GS0 22 0 R H�|TM��0��+r�+�&�MZ$��m�J+�����`�cG�S��1��S{fޛ7��h��Y>�&i�E�z�D��N���6���Z�[E*4��#���i�"�W� �[�t3�9�F��|�_F�\~�~�D�fϵ�/駙�,^^��9������?�8��� �I1t���gۓAT;.Ľ�;�'�݋ޱ}{��2�9��R��Dm�k�k� ������e'�3Ze��>0d�U���m�3c^�{���N\��=P��OҬ�I��yT�� ��G�O�nim���;�C��i���$��L �4N��S�C1����녯�-4 ��������� 4�]�-PEC# /TT1 65 0 R ����W8v�o}��4y��gݠ��+)w�䉭v�jj!��o��$-�(C'�-��. /Count 4 The Greek verb is used in four moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive, optative) and two ‘non-finite’ (as some people like to think of them) moods (participle and infinitive). In English we have really more accuracy as to this than the Greek. /C2_0 24 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Font << (c) 2020 Oaktree Software, Version 9 Levels upgrades to Essential Collection, Site License Pack for up to 20 devices: English Study, Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2014), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (August 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (January 2016), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (June 2016), Bible Study Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD, Essential Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] H�|TMo�6���#UX4I����ݴ��n�U�CT2�8l,ҡ���R�c�PX������̼yM֟�1�M������K~K~h�G+x�ph��8�O�X�9�BR�e ��u�WЎ �u�����&����� stream >> /T1_7 34 0 R For each of the following fear and purpose clauses, give the tense and mood of both the main verb and the verb in the subordinate clause. >> /T1_5 32 0 R << /GS1 23 0 R Notes on Greek Tenses, Moods, and Prepositions. /Type /Page /Thumb 41 0 R 1 0 obj 3 0 obj << /ViewerPreferences << /Type /Catalog /Annots [59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R] /T1_1 28 0 R /T1_2 31 0 R /Nums [0 7 0 R] %PDF-1.4 A��5^��T�8:;�f^0�H���`���qw��y����J�7J[��#��|�~�V8��Q�w��4�i�=gVevX���t�`���z��6�d�]��'�"ue^g����Ht�I����pT1�Ƣ���q\�twof�L�9ov&4������#n0qx�ЀHi�Y$�`�i,�ɛy�r{��4�"❡��q�Ͱ���4���g�Շ�i�-޽�{c�'���a���iH.�w>�AL���k�#mz�EZ(,R�4/ << /PageLabels 4 0 R /Font << /Count 0 For example: A purpose clause in Greek is introduced by the following conjunctions: The mood of the verb in the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE or OPTATIVE, as determined by the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] But the imperfect is not simply a continuous doing. /T1_3 32 0 R /TT1 36 0 R endobj /S /D /TT0 35 0 R to contribute to the interpretation of the New Testament by the exposition of the functions of the verb in New Testament Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the distinctions of mood and tense.”, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek• Author: Ernest De Witt Burton• Text of 1898 version (Third Edition) published by The University of Chicago Press, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek (Burton) is included with the following packages, [email protected] | /Parent 5 0 R /Type /Metadata Ae^�쑴����~� >��i2j�6�ѽz6v�����!‹�dґ������f��_*�����CBT�Yɡݐ��rd��&�L?gA0��s3~���ma���p�g�ݩ�^�`�ٛ�q���=̈9k?N�e�Sv�?�Ht�Ж 11 0 obj /Type /Outlines /CreationDate (D:20161112094227+05'30') /GS1 23 0 R /Type /Page https://doi.org/10.1017/S205863101600026X /Type /Pages >> /Thumb 50 0 R /Direction /L2R /F15 38 0 R endobj << A PURPOSE CLAUSE indicates the purpose for which the action of the verb in the main clause was done (S 2193-2206). /GS0 22 0 R Thanks for the detailed explanations. >> If, for example, the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a PRIMARY tense (e.g., present, future, perfect) or a MOOD that refers to a possible future action (i.e., imperative, subjunctive, optative): If the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a SECONDARY tense (e.g., imperfect, aorist, pluperfect): This pattern–subjunctive following primary main verbs, optative following secondary main verbs–is called the SEQUENCE OF MOODS.

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