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HomeNewsbrominated flame retardants are used in many household products

Albemarle (2010–2011) Fire safety solutions: 2010–2011 product selector guide, Ali N, Dirtu AC, Eede NVD et al (2012) Occurrence of alternative flame retardants in indoor dust from New Zealand: indoor sources and human exposure assessment. Additive BFRs migrate out of products and accumulate in dust of indoor environments. Waste Manag Res 18:131–140, Viberg H, Fredriksson A, Eriksson P (2007) Changes in spontaneous behaviour and altered response to nicotine in the adult rat, after neonatal exposure to the brominated flame retardant, deca-brominated diphenyl ether (PBDE 209). Kajiwara N, Takigami H (2010) Behavior of additive brominated flame retardants in textile products. http//, Bromine Science Environmental Forum (BSEF) (2012b) Factsheet TBBPA. J Chromatography A 1216:346–363, D’Hollander W, Roosens L, Covaci A et al (2010) Brominated flame retardants and perfluorinated compounds in indoor dust from homes and offices in Flanders, Belgium. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. Select the correct answer using the code given below. Batterman SA, Chernyak S, Jia C et al (2009) Concentrations and emissions of polybrominated diphenyl ethers from U.S. houses and garages. They are able to accumulate in humans and animals. The team recently published their results in Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Brominated Flame Retardants are the most efficient group of chemistries as they can be used across many plastics, offering a high degree of performance, and choices for design. Anal Chem 82:5154–5159, Morf LS, Tremp J, Gloor R et al (2005) Brominated flame retardants in waste electrical and electronic equipment: substance flows in a recycling plant. Pullen S, Boecker R, Tiegs G (2003) The flame retardants tetrabromobisphenol A and tetrabromobisphenol A-bisallylether suppress the induction of interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (CD25) in murine splenocytes. Environ Health Perspect 117:1953–1958, Schecter A, Smith S, Colacino J et al (2011) Contamination of U.S. butter with PBDEs from wrapping paper. Environ Sci Technol 46:13432–13439, Stapleton HM, Sjodin A, Jones R et al (2008b) Serum levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in foam recyclers and carpet installers working in the United States. A growing body of evidence suggests that concentrations of this chemical are higher indoors and that it is present in dust. Chemosphere 81:478–487, Dallaire R, Dewailly E, Pereg D et al (2009) Thyroid function and plasma concentrations of polyhalogenated compounds in Inuit adults. However, large amounts of in-use and discarded household products will continue to release these BFRs into the environment and TBBPA is still in high-volume use worldwide. Assembly member Nancy Skinner: safer building insulation Feb 4 2013(p 1–1), Stapleton HM, Allen JG, Kelly SM et al (2008a) Alternate and new brominated flame retardants detected in U.S. house dust. 1. said Sarkar. part may be reproduced without the written permission. Chemosphere 67(9):1866–1876, Schreiber T, Gassmann K, Götz C et al (2010) Polybrominated diphenyl ethers induce developmental neurotoxicity in a human in vitro model: evidence for endocrine disruption. Environ Int 33:239–245, Chen S-J, Ma Y-J, Wang J et al (2009) Brominated flame retardants in children’s toys: concentration, composition, and children’s exposure and risk assessment. Lim J-S, Lee D-H, Jacobs DRJ (2008) Association of brominated flame retardants with diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the U.S. population, 2003-2004. Environ Sci Technol 46:628–635, Wang J, Ma Y-J, Chen S-J et al (2010) Brominated flame retardants in house dust from e-waste recycling and urban areas in South China: implications on human exposure. Abstract. and Terms of Use. Proceedings of the 6th international symposium on brominated flame retardants. What could be the reason for the formation of this hole ? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2. Environ Int 51:160–167, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2013) Recommendation by the persistent organic pollutants review committee to list hexabromocyclododecane in annex A to the Stockholm convention and draft text of the proposed amendment. Environ Health Perspect 114(8):1179–1185. Many of these chemicals are now recognized as global contaminants and are associated with adverse health effects including endocrine disruption, reproductive toxicity, developmental neurotoxicity, and cancer. Leuk Lymph 42:619–629, Harley KG, Chevrier J, Bradman A et al (2009) Associations between maternal PBDE serum concentrations and birth weight and duration of gestation. Therefore, it will be possible to collect samples from the same households down the road, to compare them with the batch used in this study, and to analyze the current samples five or ten years out, to see how the BRFs chemicals in our homes may change over time. Since the 1970s, chemicals called brominated flame retardants (BFRs) have been added to a host of consumer and household products, ranging from electronics and mattresses to upholstery and carpets. Conference of the parties to the Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants sixth meeting, Geneva, Switzerland (28 April–10 May 2013). Chemosphere 88(11):1276–1282, Allen JG, McClean MD, Stapleton HM et al (2008) Linking PBDEs in house dust to consumer products using X-ray fluorescence. Environ Res 110:251–257, Wong MH, Wu SC, Deng WJ et al (2007) Export of toxic chemicals-a review of the case of uncontrolled electronic-waste recycling. Select … Israel Chemicals Limited Industrial Products (ICL-IP) (2012) Flame retardant brochure. Environ Health Perspect 115:1519–1526, Malarvannan G, Isobe T, Covaci A et al (2013) Accumulation of brominated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls in human breast milk and scalp hair from the Philippines: Levels, distribution and profiles. Why is there some concern about their use? Health care without harm, Arlington, VA, Johansson N, Viberg H, Fredriksson A et al (2008) Neonatal exposure to deca-brominated diphenyl ether (PBDE 209) causes dose-response changes in spontaneous behaviour and cholinergic susceptibility in adult mice. Chemosphere 73:161–169, Takigami H, Suziki G, Hirai Y et al (2009) Brominated flame retardants and other polyhalogenated compounds in indoor air and dust from two houses in Japan. Mol Nutr Food Res 52:258–265, Asante KA, Adu-Kumi S, Nakahiro K et al (2011) Human exposure to PCBs, PBDEs and HBCDs in Ghana: Temporal variation, sources of exposure and estimation of daily intakes by infants. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Lowell Center for Sustainable Production (LCSP) (2005) Decabromodiphenylether: an investigation of non-halogen substitutes in electronic enclosure and textile applications. The flame retardants in question are called PBDEs, and they’ve been linked to diabetes in adult humans. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) (2013) Final report: automated removal of brominated flame retardant material from a mixed e-waste plastics recycling stream. Environ Sci Technol 43:2693–2700, Bi X, Thomas G, Jones KC et al (2007) Exposure of electronics dismantling workers to polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organochlorine pesticides in South China. Sci Total Environ 409:4048–4053, Di Napoli-Davis G, Owens JE (2013) Quantitation of tetrabromobisphenol-A from dust sampled on consumer electronics by dispersed liquid-liquid microextraction. Chemosphere 73:S131–S136, Sjödin A, Wong L-Y, Jones RS et al (2008b) Serum concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) in the United States population: 2003-2004. Environ Health Perspect 114:1581–1584, Gauthier LT, Potter D, Hebert CE et al (2009) Temporal trends and spatial distribution of non-polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the eggs of colonial populations of Great Lakes herring gulls. Chemosphere 73:907–914, Costa LG, Giordano G (2007) Developmental neurotoxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants. They are highly resistant to degradation in the environment. Kajiwara N, Sueoka M, Ohiwa T et al (2009) Determination of flame-retardant hexabromocyclododecane diastereomers in textiles.

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