Biodiversity Science, Nature’s Treasure Box & Create a Creature, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities. The species is enlisted as least concern on the 2007 IUCN Red List (BirdLife International 2012) and although not globally threated, the populations are decreasing in many parts of Europe (Engen et al. A single pair may nest at a given location, but several pairs can also nest together. But there is another country where the swallows return is also rejoiced and heralded as the start of the summer season; it's in a different hemisphere, South Africa, there it's November and December when the swallows are 'welcomed home'. We rejoice at our first sight of them, as we know that the short, dark and gloomy days are coming to an end, summer and all the delights that come with it is just round the corner. 1992) and they use vocalisations and body language (postures and movements) to communicate. They're so smart and so beautiful. They start to arrive here from Africa in April. Barn swallows are the most abundant and widely distributed species of swallows in the world and an estimated 22-44 million birds from west Europe and 44-88 million from east Europe and Asia enter Africa annually on southwards migration. & Tegelstrom, H. 1997. The swallow's epic journey south lasted four months from September to ... How to Build a Barn Owl Nesting Box: Barn Owl Nest Box Plans. 1994) and Marabou storks (Bennun 1992; Barker et al. If they survive, they can live for up to sixteen years. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. Martin, P. 1995. Barn swallows are also useful food source for many predators like raptors (Bijlsma et al. We spend 90% of net income on conservation, public education and advocacy, The RSPB is a member of BirdLife International. Perrins, C. 1989. When they reach the Pyrenees Mountains that divide France and Spain, they make a surprising decision, instead of just flying straight over the mountains they head eastwards along the northern rim until they reach the Mediterranean coast. Kenya Birds, Bijlsma, R.G., Van den Brink, B., De Roder, F. & Terpstra, K. 1994. I've haven't seen any myself for nearly a month- it's a bit sad, but I always say goodbye to them. it seems that this well travelled bird is welcomed almost anywhere it goes in the world, and is thus universally popular across both hemispheres. Optimal migration theory also predicts that birds will reach their final departure conditions just before embarking on the crossing of possible ecological barriers, like the Mediterranean and Sahara for European Swallows flying to Africa. Barn swallows are the most abundant and widely distributed species of swallows in the world and an estimated 22-44 million birds from west Europe and 44-88 million from east Europe and Asia enter Africa annually on southwards migration. So, finally after four months, just as Christmas is rolling round for us in the north, they finally reach their destination, which is usually Botswana, Namibia or South Africa. Barn swallows are quite effective in reducing insect pest populations, and also serves as indicator or trigger organisms. Nature is an adventure waiting to be had. Roberts – Birds of the southern Africa, Viith Ed. A review of African birds feeding in association with mammals. The swallow migrates to Africa every autumn and returns to Asia in spring for breeding. The return journey to Africa takes about six weeks. Progress is slow, usually taking them about a month or even two to reach the English Channel, which isn't too much of a hinderance because for them it's a short hop of around 20 miles of water. Stochastic population dynamics and time to extinction of a declining population of barn swallows. As well as a free gift and magazines, you’ll get loads of ideas for activities to try at home. Whichever way they go, by now they are coasting along nicely, managing many miles a day, as their final destination draws ever nearer. Swallow ringing in the Netherlands and southern Africa: the Botswana Swallow Project. FYI : 2003 April -TV says swallows earliest ever recorded on 16th @ Perth & Kinross & HERE after Full Moon;2004 Apr20th;15th Sept Some swallows juveniles still here New Moon last night; cold at night;2005 Found SWALLOWS southbound today on High Ground Tenerife 9th Oct;2007 none seen by3rd Oct;2008 24th Apr, 1st bird flew past & groups on 29th Apr; still here on 26th Sept ( but not recorded since); ALso 2009 26thSept;2010 Sept13th gone?